History of the Coins and Tokens of Canada - 1894



The date on this coin is that of the establishment of the firm which many years did a druggist business in Toronto. Part of their warehouse was devoted to the sale of books and other forms of literature. Toronto did not receive its present name until 1834. This coin must have been issued after that date. The issue was a large one, but notwithstanding, the coin is rare, especially in fine condition. R. 4.



See note to No. 717. Five varieties. R. 1.



2 var. 1854.

After the burning of the parliamentary buildings in Montreal in 1849, the seat of Government was changed to Toronto, and the Bank of Upper Canada, as the chief banking institution of that city, became the government banker. It was also accorded the privilege of issuing copper coins. This bank was founded in 1820, three years after the Bank of Montreal, and two years after the' Quebec Bank. During the financial crisis of 1867-68, the Bank of Upper Canada suspended, and after examination of' its affairs it was found impossible to re-organize, it therefore went into liquidation. About eleven tons of these coins were found in the bank vaults. These were taken possession of by the government, and after a few years, they were sold as old metal to Chanteloup, by whom they were melted up under the supervision of a government officer. - R. 1.  Cross 4 varieties - R. 1.




Two var., 1854. See note to No. 719. - R. 0. Cross 4 var. - R. 1 ½.



This is the first coin struck for Canada after the conquest. As all known specimens of this piece are proofs, we may conclude that it was never issued for circulation, and that the dies are probably in the hands of some collector who issues specimens from time to time so as not to break the price. R. 5.



See note to No. 721. R. 5.



Early in the morning of October 13th, 1812, the American Army Corps, under the command of General Van Rensselaer, crossed the Niagara River and took up a strong position on Queenstown Heights. General Brock on hearing the cannonade set out from the village of Niagara to dislodge them and had he not been mortally wounded, would have been successful at the first onslaught. After his fall his men continued the fight with varying success until the arrival of Major-General Sheaffe, when the invaders were driven across the river after the loss of 1,000 men. The die cutter made a mistake in the dies, inscribing Brook instead of Brock. R. 1.



The design on this piece is a representation of the first monument erected in memory of General Brock, which was maliciously destroyed by a man named Lett, who blew it up. The present monument was erected twenty- five or thirty years ago by public subscription. It is a much finer and higher monument than the old one, and is one of the landmarks of the district, as a fine view can be obtained of it from the Canada Southern Railway on the way from the village of Niagara to the Falls.

6 varieties. R. 1.



This coin is struck from the reverses of 723 and 724. R.2.


One of the sides of this coin belongs to a Nova Scotian, described under No. 885, and the other is the same obverse as No. 727.  R. 2.


These pieces had an extensive circulation in Upper Canada, and the number of varieties would seem to indicate that more than one business house participated in their issue. 4 varieties. R. 1.


This token seems to have been issued by a wholesale grocer, and the words Upper Canada on the cask indicates that the whiskey trade was one of the first established in the upper province, and eventually drove rum, so popular among Canadians, out of use. R. 2 ½.


Probably issued by the same firm as issued the last, No. 728. The cask inscribed Jamaica, refers to the use of Jamaica Rum, referred to in the last. This coin is much rarer and is usually found in poorer condition. R. 4.



The bulk of the transportation trade of Upper Canada was carried on by sloops sailing on Lake Ontario. There were few, if anything larger. This design therefore, became very popular among importers of tokens. 2 var. 1823, R. 1 ½, 1833 - R. 1.


Struck after the pattern of the last, but evidently by another firm of engravers. R. 1.


This coin, dated 1832, bears the bust of George IV, who had died two years before. Among the coins of Nova Scotia, the same mistake occurs, coins dated 1832 bear the bust of Geo. IV. This indicates that both coinages were struck at the same place, and we may conclude, taking their weight and workmanship into consideration, that this is a private issue rather than an official coin. R. 1 ½.


Issue 500. Not now used. R. 1 ½.


R. 1 ½.


Issued by Iliffe, 170 Rideau Street, Ottawa, by whom they were used for a number of years as bread checks. Several varieties. R. 1 ½.


Issued as last, No. 735. R. 2.


Issued in 1881, and used up to 1885. The balance of this check was purchased by Mr. J. P. Prudhomme of Ottawa. R. 1.


See note at No. 737. R. 1.


One hundred issued in 1891, by Mr. J. P. Prudhomme of Ottawa, of composite dies. Mr. Prudhomme is a collector of stamps, and issued this coin and the following one with the view of improving his collection by exchanging with other collectors. R. 1 ½.


Issue 100 by the same as last, No. 739. R. 1 ½.


Issue 800 from composite dies. Mr. Marineau has been in business for over ten years. They are still in use. R. 1.


Issue 400 by the same as last, and are still in use. R. 1.


Issue 600 in English, by the same as last. Mr. Marineau also ordered 600 others from Pritchard & Andrews, and there is a slight difference on this last one, making 2 varieties. Both are still in use. R. 1.


Issue 100 from composite dies. Mr. Renaud has been in business for six years. This check is still in use. R. 1.


Issue 100 by the same. Still in use. R. 1.


R. 1.


W. Barrett or Barrette, about the year 1891, secured the contract to deliver the slabs sold as fire-wood from Hurdman & Co.’s saw-mills. One of these jetons, which were good for 14 cents, were given to the carters for each load of wood carried. In 1892 the contract was given up, when the balance of the jetons with the dies, which are still extant, were sold to Mr. L. J. Casault of Ottawa. The original issue was 300. 2 varieties. R. 1 ½.


Issue 100. The balance remaining, about six pieces, were purchased in 1887, by the Rev. Mr. J. M. Goodwillie. R. 2.


This is a check struck in 1892 in imitation of the last; but it was never issued by Bain. R. 1 ½.


This check was issued in 1887, and for a time used in Mr. Bain's business. R. 1 ½.


R. 1 ½.


Mr. Elmslie did business in St. Catherines, Ont., and these checks were used in his place up to 1887, when the balance, 25 in. number, were purchased by the Rev. Mr. J. M. Goodwillie. R. 2. 


Mr. Faucher, not Fancher, as it is on the coin, kept a hotel in Peterborough, but in 1885 he gave up and went to the United States. Of these checks, nine were found and secured by the Rev. Mr. M. Goodwillie, and the balance, about twelve, by Mr. Jos. Hooper of Port Hope, Ont. R. 2.


R. 2.


The Toronto “Globe” having for a number of years the largest circulation of any newspaper in Canada, commenced during the exhibition of 1879 the issue of an evening edition. This edition was continued after the closing of the exhibition. As the price was made 15 cents per dozen, these checks were issued to enable those buying their papers from news-stands to secure them at the lowest price. Eight of these checks were sold for ten cents. Both sides of coin are alike. R. 1 ½.


R. 1 ½.


2 varieties. R. 1 ½.


This coin was found in 1886, by the Rev. Mr. J. M. Goodwillie. One hundred were issued, but they have all disappeared. R. 4.


Issue 100 at the same time as last; it is also about as scarce, only two impressions are known, one of these was given to Mr. J. L. Bronsdon of Toronto, an old collector, who was the first to learn of its existence. R. 4.


This token was found by the Rev. Mr. J. M. Goodwillie in 1887, and he purchased part of the issue. R. 2.


These checks were issued in I886, but they were not long in use, as Mr. Robinson died the same year, and the house was closed on account of the passage of the Canada Temperance Act. The whole lot was purchased by the Rev. Mr. J. M. Goodwillie. R. 2.


A variety of last. (See note to No. 761.) R. 2.


R. 2.


R. 2.


The balance of these checks was purchased by F. J. Grenny of Brantford, Ontario. R. 2.


Variety of No. 765. R. 1 ½.


R. 2. 


Issue 300. R. 1 ½.


Mr. Renaud, who is now 64 years of age, set up as a wood merchant in 1879. He ordered 100 or these Jetons, hut when they were delivered to him he found that there was not the requisite number. Fearing therefore, that some of them may have got out and that they might be presented in payment for a load of wood, he never put any into use. (Composite dies.) R. 1 ½.


Issue 100 in 1888. It is no longer in use. The firm of Pritchard &: Andrews was established in 1873. R. 2.


Issue 100 in 1888, by the same firm as last; they are no longer in use. R. 1 ½.

There is another variety in which the shading does not appear on the “½”. R. 1 ½.


Two varieties - one with a star over “Engravers” as in this piece, the others without, 

Issue 300 with the star; still in use. R. 1.

Issue 100 without the star; no more in use, and the dies are destroyed. R. 1 ½.


The dies of this piece have just been finished, so it has not yet been issued. R. 1. 



Issue 1000. Still ill use, and the dies are extant. R. 1.


R. 2 ½.


Issue 100. These checks are not now in use, the balance having been purchased by Mr. Biggar of Hamilton. R. 2.


Mr. J. Hooper, who is now 60 years' old, and a collector from an early age, is believed to be one of the most zealous collectors in Ontario. This Jeton was ordered by Mr. Hooper, but for some reason declined. About 25 pieces in all were struck when the reverse die was broken, and, even among these, more than half show signs of the break. Mr. Campeau of Ottawa, now owns the dies and the balance of the pieces. Mr. Hooper is the Vice-President of the American Numismatic Association. R. 3.


Sixty-three of these pieces were struck and were purchased by Mr. Campeau of Ottawa. The dies are still extant. R. 2.


Issue 100 in 1892, from composite dies. (See biography.) R. 1 ½.


Issue 62 in I892, from composite dies. (See biography.) R. 2.


Issue 100 by the same as last. This Jeton was refused on account of the reverse, which was not at all appropriate. R. 2.


Issue 100 from composite dies. R. 1 ½.


Mr. Lalonde, who is now 40 years of age, started business in 1886. He issued 100 of these checks. Struck from composite dies. R. 1 ½.


Issue 100 from composite dies. R. 1 ½.


Mr. Goodall is now 65 years of age, and set up in business in 1871, not in 1878 as is inscribed on the piece. One hundred of the checks issued from composite dies. R. 1 ½.


Stroud Bros., whose headquarters are in Montreal, have been twenty years in the tea business, with branches in different parts of the city and several towns in the West. These were received for one pound of tea at the branches in Toronto, Kingston and Ottawa, only. R. 1 ½.


One hundred issued from composite dies. When Mr. Baker ceased to use these checks, the balance was sold to Mr. Campeau of Ottawa. R. 2.


This Ottawa Canning Company, which pays three cents a pail for peeling tomatoes, came to the conclusion to use these Jetons, and asked for a tender for ten thousand, but when the price was named decided not to place the order. Only 100 were struck in 1891 to the order of Mr. F. R. E. Campeau. Composite dies. R. 1 ½.


One hundred and seventy-five were issued in 1892, and the dies are still extant. This and the two following Jetons were issued by Mr. F. R. E. Campeau of Ottawa, who was then Supreme Deputy of the C. M. B. A., with the view of advertising the society, but they were not put into use. R. 1 ½.


Issue 70 by the same as last. The dies are still extant. R. 1 ½.



Issue 10 pieces, out the dies are still in existence. R. 1 ½.


This club was established in 1891 from among the young men of Ottawa. Eighteen of these Jetons, struck from composite dies, were received by the club as-a sample, but no more were ever ordered. R. 2.


One hundred issued from composite dies. Mr. Daze set up his hotel in 1890. R. 1 ½.


Issue 100 by the same as last. R. 1 ½.


One hundred pieces issued from composite dies. Mr. Desilets is now34 years of age. R. 1 ½.


Issue 100. Mr. Mead does not reside in Simcoe now, having left some years ago. R. 2.


R. 2.


Mr. N. Larue: was an hotelkeeper in Ottawa. About the year 1880 he purchased a billiard table, with which he was to have one hundred of these checks, but the venture was not successful, and consequently the checks were never used. He contends that only fifty came to hand. R. 2.


This Kermesse or Bazaar was held in Mackenzie's Park, Ottawa, from the 15th of June to the 1St of July, 1891. The committee did not use these tokens long, as, after having ordered 500 they countermanded to only have 100 of each of and the two following. Composite dies. R. 1 ½.


Issue 100. R. 1 ½.


Issue 100. R. 1 ½.


Fifty pieces issued from composite dies. Mr. Ormond has now left Peterborough. R. 2.


Mr. Ormond kept a store at Port Hope before removing to Peterborough. Now established at Winnipeg. R. 2.


One hundred pieces issued in 1890 from composite dies. The piece was used in Mr. Gagne's hotel, Wellington Street, Ottawa, about a year. .In 1892, Mr. Gagne removed to set up at Chaudière Island Park, and he is now employed in the Ottawa Custom House. Having given up the hotel, about seventy of these pieces remained on his hands. R. 1 ½.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


Issue 500 in 1892. The dies are still extant. R 1.


Issue 500 in 1892. The dies are still extant. R 1.

Issue 500 in 1892. The dies are still extant. R 1.



Issue 500 in 1892. The dies are still extant. R 1.


Issue 500 in 1893. R. 1.


Issue 500 in 1893. The dies still exist. R 1.


Issue 500 in 1892. The dies still exist. R 1.


Issue 500 in 1892. The dies are still extant. Same reverse as No. 820 & 821. R. 1.


One hundred issued; struck from composite dies. They are good for one quart of milk, and are still in use. These coins do not add to the reputation of the designer, for the device is more appropriate for a slaughter-house than a dairy. R. 1.


One hundred issued from composite dies. The Numismatic Society of Ottawa instituted a system of exchange between its members, which is well sustained and adds much interest to its meetings. R. 1 ½.


One hundred issued by Mr. J. P. Prudhomme of Ottawa, collector of stamps, being No. 66 of the Philatelic Society. Mr. Prudhomme, who is now 32 years of age, has been collecting since 1890. His object for ordering this piece to be struck was to effect exchanges with it for stamps to add to his collection. Composite dies. R. 1 ½.


One hundred issued from composite dies. They are still used among the members of the choir as admission tickets. R. 1 ½.


Thirty-three issued. Struck from composite dies. This and the two following pieces were used in a bazaar, which was held at Ottawa in August, 1892. R. 2.


Issue 33 pieces. R. 2.


Issue 33 pieces. R. 2.


Issue 100 from composite dies. Mr. McEvoy commenced business in 1886 and retired in 1892. R 1 ½.


Issue 100 as last No. 831. R 1 ½.


Issue 100 as last two, Nos. 831 and 832. R 1 ½.


W. Cameron kept a hotel in 1867, at Ottawa, on Murray Street, but this check was issued in 1892 by Mr. F. X. Paquet of Ottawa, who ordered twenty- five to be struck from composite dies. When it was known to Mr. Paquet that the name Bytown had ceased to be used long before 1867, he destroyed a few of these checks leaving only about 20 in circulation. R. 3.


Mr. Farrar Ineson is at present residing at Peterborough, in the employ of the Canadian Pacific Railway as car inspector. He has been collecting since 1885, and is one of the original members, No. 8, of the American Numismatic Association. He is now 32 years of age. These tokens, of which there were 100 issued from composite dies, were struck with the view of making the issuer known among collectors, and help him to make exchanges for other coins and medals. R. 1 ½.


Issue 200; struck from composite dies. Mr. F. J. Grenny, who is now 50 years of age, has been collecting coins since 1870. R. 1 ½.


Spellman kept a temperance hotel at Fenelon Falls, Ont., in 1887. These checks were in use about a year. R. 2.


Issue 200 from composite dies. R. 1.


Issue of 200. R. 1 ½.


R. 1.


Issue of 200 from composite dies. R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


R. 1.


Issue of 50. R. 2.


This check was rejected because of the misuse of the word “Hats” for “Hatters.” Only a few specimens were struck in Aluminum. R. 3.


It is claimed that this check was used by Mr. Henry of Beamsville, Ont. R. 1 ½.


Issue 200 in 1893. Still in use. R. 1.


Issue 100 in 1889. Not now used, and the dies destroyed. R. 2.


Issue 100 in 1893. Still in use. R. 1.


R. 1 ½.


R. 1.


Issue 500 in 1893. Still in use and the dies still exist. R. 1.


Issue 500 in 1893. Still in use and the dies exist. R. 1.


R. 1.


Contents & Directory

All images are illustrated approximately 1.5 X.


Includes - Table of rarities, Wampum & Card Money.

French Regime

Breton 501 to 519.


Breton 520 to 533.


L'Isle and Repentigny tokens.
Breton 534 to 557.


Breton 558 to 669.


The Bouquet Series.
Breton 670 to 716.


Breton 717 to 856.

Colonies in general

Province of Canada, Nova Scotia,

New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island.

Breton 857 to 924.


British Columbia, Dominion of Canada, 
Newfoundland, Anonymous and Miscellaneous
Breton 925 to 924.


Of the Principal Canadian Collectors.

Paper money


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Changes last made on: 04/11/15

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