History of the Coins and Tokens of Canada - 1894




A silver fifteen sol piece, issued in accordance with an edict of Louis XIV, dated February 19th, 1670, for the purpose of furthering the commercial transactions of La Compagnie des Indes. Issue 30,000 livres. The sol current in Canada having a value of about one penny, 20 sols making 1 livre. By a later edict dated November 18th, 1672, this piece was made current for 20 sols. (E. Zay, Histoire monetaire des Colonies Francaises, Paris, 1892.) This is one of the rarest of Canadian coins and is estimated as worth two hundred dollars. Rarity 6.



A five sol piece in silver issued by the same edict as the fifteen sol piece. The amount was 50,000 livres. By the later edict it was declared to be current at 6 sols and 8 deniers. Although not common, it is found in a number of collections. Rarity 4.



Twenty thousand livres of the Double in copper of 15 deniers was ordered by the same edict as Nos. 501 and 502 and the value raised to 20 deniers by order of the later edict, but the coin was never issued for circulation, only very few specimens were struck, two of which are known to exist, one in the collection of Count Ferrari at Paris, one of the greatest private collectors known, and the other in that of M. Ulex of Hamburg. R. 6.



This copper coin of 12 deniers (Equivalent to One Sol or One Penny), was ordered to be struck at the Mint at Perpignan for circulation in the colonies in America. The edict dated December, 1716, was promulgated at Quebec by an order in Council dated March 9th, 1717. But the mint at Perpignan struck a very limited number of these coins. The reason for this is explained by the edict of June, 1721, which states that the poor condition of the copper at de Perpignan mint prevent the further striking of this coinage. It was not really carried into effect until the coinage of 1721-22 with the letters H and B illustrated by Nos. 506 and 507. R. 6.



A copper coin of 6 deniers struck under the same circumstances as the last, No. 504. R. 6.



A copper coin of 9 deniers struck at la Rochelle under edict of June, 1721, to replace the 12 and 6 deniers of 1717. (See note to No. 504). These details, based on the text of the edicts, disproves the pretensions that these coins were not issued for circulation in Canada. Vaudreuil, the Governor General of Canada, writes to the Minister in France under date of May 5th, 1723, that he had not been able to circulate more than 8,180 of these pieces and that he will return the balance. This he did on the 26th September, 1726. Dates 1721 - 1722. R. 2.



A copper of 9 deniers struck at Rouen under the same conditions as last, No. 506, but is much rarer. R. 4.



A coin of billon called a Marqué struck according to edict of October, 1738, for the colonies and made current in Canada for 24 deniers. By ordinance of Beauharnois, Governor General, dated at Quebec 30th January, 1744, it was reduced to 18 deniers. 3 varieties. R. 3.



Coin of billon, current for 12 deniers, issued in accordance with the same edict as last, No. 508, but it is of extreme rarity. R- 5.






Jetons were first issued as counters. As, for instance, when an addition had to be made in Livres, Sols and Deniers. There was a box with three compartments, one for each denomination, into each of which Jetons were thrown as the amounts were given. When there were twelve Jetons in the denier department, they were removed and a Jeton put in the sol compartment, and when there were 20 sols they were replaced by a Jeton in the livre compartment. 

The signatures or initials under the bust of the King are those found on the original issues. Re-strikes of these Jetons have, from time to time, been ordered by collectors or dealers and obverses with different heads and busts have been used with the same reverse. This is the reason for the occurrence of so many varieties. These Jetons were struck in copper and silver, with a single specimen in gold for the cabinet of the King. The designs on Nos. 510 to 517 relate to the colonization of Canada. Those on Nos. 518 and 519 to the victories of Louis XV. LEGEND : Sub omni sidere crescunt ; (They grow under every constellation.) 

An Indian in a plantation of lilies, before him is an alligator coming out of the water. There is a variety without the alligator. Initials, D. V. (DuVivier.) 5 varieties. R. 3.



LEGEND : Utrique facit commercia mundo; (He established commerce with both worlds.) Mercury flying over the sea. R. 4 ½.



LEGEND : Same as last, No. 511 Initials, C.N.R. (Ch. Norbert Roettiers.) 3 varieties. R. 4.



LEGEND : Satus unis utrique; (One is sufficient for both.) The sun shining on the eastern and western hemispheres. 6 varieties. R. 4.



LEGEND : Non inferiora metallis ; (Not inferior to metals.) Beavers building a dam across a Canadian stream. They are at work with their teeth which serve as their tools for cutting down trees. Initials of medalist to the right, F. M. 7 varieties. R. 4.



LEGEND : Non vilius aureo; (Not less valuable than gold). The vessel of the Argonauts returning with the golden fleece. 5 varieties. R. 3.



LEGEND: Same as last, No. 515. R. 4 ½



LEGEND: Sedem non animum mutant; (They change their seat but not their mind.) A swarm of bees led by their queen passing from a hive to an empty one on the other side of a river. 4 varieties. R. 4.



LEGEND : Parat ultima terra triumphos; (The remotest lands prepares him triumphs.) Neptune, and a warrior armed with spear and buckler, floating on a shell. 2 varieties. R. 4 ½.



LEGEND: Eadem trans aequora virtus; (The same valor beyond the seas.) A flight of eagles across the sea, towards a rocky coast. 5 varieties. R. 4.



Contents & Directory

All images are illustrated approximately 1.5 X.


Includes - Table of rarities, Wampum & Card Money.

French Regime

Breton 501 to 519.


Breton 520 to 533.


L'Isle and Repentigny tokens.
Breton 534 to 557.


Breton 558 to 669.


The Bouquet Series.
Breton 670 to 716.


Breton 717 to 856.

Colonies in general

Province of Canada, Nova Scotia,

New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island.

Breton 857 to 924.


British Columbia, Dominion of Canada, 
Newfoundland, Anonymous and Miscellaneous
Breton 925 to 924.


Of the Principal Canadian Collectors.

Paper money


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Changes last made on: 04/11/15

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